The UK’s political situation has altered significantly in the aftermath of the Brexit referendum. Even after two years of this referendum, Britain is still in a complex and unpredictable situation. Experts are having difficulties to know about the ideal Brexit the Britishers want. A number of discrete-choice trials or experiments were carried out. These experiments were conducted on the very same group of the people who were surveyed a year ago. The British people in the survey firmly rejected the no-deal Brexit. They now want to have a softer or less harmful Brexit. However, in 2017, more people were supporting a no-deal Brexit. This shows a shift in their ideology.
A brief of what happened till date
In the referendum of 2016, the citizens of the UK were asked to vote whether they intended to stay with the EU or not. Out of the people who voted, 51.9 percent voted in favor of leaving the EU. However, from such type of referendum, we can’t come to a conclusion as to what actually the British people want. We cannot get a clear idea of what they were expecting and what they would want now from the Brexit. But a study done by the University of Cambridge made it somewhat clear as to what the British people anticipate with Brexit. Also, the study made it clear that what the people of Britain are willing to negotiate for the deal with the European Union.
It’s been more than a year and still, the negotiations are going on between the UK and the European Union. This article will tell you how the ideologies of people have changed with time. There is a shift in their mindset as to what is beneficial for Britain and what is not. They want a better relationship with the EU in the future, especially after last year’s political debate and incidents.
The methodology of knowing about ideal Brexit
The objective of the study was to attempt and determine what kind of association British people are hoping for with the EU. We wanted to evaluate what elements of this association Britons believe are most crucial and what trade-offs the citizens would be prepared to engage in Brexit agreements.
In the study, people were asked to choose between a number of hypothetical situations. The situations were describing the different scenarios of the possible UK’s relationship with the EU. The British people were concerned with the following aspects-
- Freedom of movement across countries for recreational activities or holidays
- Freedom of movement for employment
- Liberty to have trade deals with non-member countries of EU
- Freedom to access the single market for the services sector
- Freedom to have access to the European market for the goods sector
- The British people still want an agreement centered on a strong relationship with the European Union with the most favored choice representing EEA’s membership. People’s views in terms of the comparative significance of distinct elements of the UK’s partnership with the EU have not significantly altered in the past year.
- Over the previous year, people have observed a ‘ softening ‘ of the kind of connection Britons want from the EU. Also, there was a boost in the number of individuals who want to stay in the EU.
- Those with higher educational qualifications tend to put greater importance on the liberty of movement for job and work. They particularly do not like the need for having work visas. They want an uninterrupted movement for jobs across European countries.
- The importance British people position on the suggestions laid out in the Chequers scheme is hard to quantify. This is due to its lack of transparency on important problems of interest. The Agreements were favored by people, especially which offered the following:
- A bilateral visa-free transport agreement between the EU and the UK
- Enables the United Kingdom to conclude trade agreements with nations outside the EU on its own terms
- Helps the UK to continue trading products with EU members at no extra cost at all.
UK’s political situation has altered significantly in the aftermath of the Brexit referendum. Britain proceeds to discover itself in a turbulent and unstable scenario for two years. The British people oppose this no-deal situation much more strongly than they did in 2017. The public opinion, even among the people who voted for Leaving the European Union, is moving to a softer Brexit.
Of important concern is that presently, none of the mainstream political parties advocate what is the most common decision. The rest of the 42 percent of people chose the decision of joining the EEA.
In the time period left for negotiation, it is of utmost significance that political leaders consider British people’s priorities for the future partnership with the EU. Also, they can also have the ideal Brexit.